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Litter box problems are among the top concerns of cat owners, and for good reason. Surveys suggest that at least 10 percent of all cats develop elimination problems over the course of their lives. I’ve worked at a shelter and owned many cats, including two elderly cats now. In my experience, nearly all litter box issues are related to underlying health problems, such as kidney or liver dysfunction. One of my longest-lived cats, a sweetheart who reached her mid 20s, never once went to the bathroom outside of her box.
If your veterinarian has given your cat the all-clear, however, there are do’s and don’ts to help you manage and prevent elimination outside of the litter box. The ASPCA suggests the following:
Cats reach full skeletal development when they are this old: